Fakultät Informatik


Image Synthesis

 Prof. Dr. Rüdiger Westermann

Image Synthesis (Bildsynthese)

Time, Place

Mondays 14:00 - 15:30 Room:  MI HS2
Wesdnesdays 12:30 - 14:00 Room:  00.13.009A


October 18., 2017


Lectures Computer Graphics or Game Engine Design


This lecture deals with the fundamentals of photorealistic and interactive image synthesis. In particular, we discuss techniques to achieve interactive frame rates for the realistic rendering of complex models and scenes. Selected graphics algorithms and their efficient implementation exploiting state-of-the-art graphics hardware through graphics APIs will be demonstrated. We focus on dedicated parts of the graphics pipeline and we review the functionality provided by consumer class graphics accelerators including programmable vertex-, geometry- and fragment shaders. In addition, we discuss the governing equations in physics based light transport and we demonstrate effective solution methods for the simulation of global illumination.

This lecture will be held in English. 


  • Interactive rendering (i.e. rasterization and local illumination)
    - Graphics APIs  (concepts and syntax)
    - Graphics hardware
    - The programmable graphics pipeline
    - Vertex-, Geometry-, and Pixel-Shaders
    - Bump-, Normal- and Parallax mapping
    - Per-pixel lighting
    - Order independent transparency / Depth-peeling
    - Shadowing techniques
  • Physics based rendering (i.e. global illumination)
    - Radiometric quantities, radiance equation
    - Raytracing
    - Photon Mapping
    - Radiosity
    - Irradiance Volumes
    - Precomputed radiance transfer
    - Ambient Occlusion
    - Voxel cone tracing
  • Other Topics
    - Human visual perception
    - High dynamic range imaging (HDRI)
    - Motion Blur
    - Depth of field
    - Participating media, Volume Rendering
    - Rendering of fur and hair
    - Acceleration structures


  • Pharr, Humphreys: Physically Based Rendering, Second Edition
  • Cohen, Wallace: Radiosity and Realistic Image Synthesis
  • Möller, Haines: Real-Time Rendering, 2nd edition, A.K. Peters LTD
  • Eberly: 3D Game Engine Design, Morgan Kaufmann
  • DeLoura et. al: Game Programming Gems 1 - 3, Charles River Media
  • Foley, Van Dam, Feiner, Hughes: Computer Graphics: Principles and Practice, Addison-Wesley, 2nd edition in C
  • Watt, Watt: Computer Graphics, Addison-Wesley
  • Glassner: Principles of digital image synthesis, Morgan Kaufman
  • Encarnaçao, Klein, Strasser: Graphische Datenverarbeitung, 4. Auflage, Oldenburg Verlag
  • Griebel, Bungartz, Zenger: Computer Graphik, Vieweg Verlag

Lecture Slides



There are no separate exercise classes for this lecture.



Bachelor and Master thesis in the following areas:
- A remote rendering system for point cloud data (in collaboration with industry)

- Deep learning for improved weather forecasting

- Learning trajectory clustering using neural network
- Learning Level-of-Detail representations for point clouds

- In collaboration with partners from industry, we have a number of thesis topics available in the area of point-based rendering, geo-localization using public data, scene fusion from different viewpoints. If you are interested, please contact  westermann(at)tum.de


- One PhD position on   Turbulence Visualization is available at the Computer Graphics & Visualization group.